The 'new era of war and revolution'
Did the outbreak of World War I cause Lenin to break with the ‘Marxism of the Second International’?
In this extract from his contribution to a book to be published later this year, Lars T Lih argues that the
opposite was the case
October 1914, shortly after the outbreak of World War I, Lenin wrote
to his associate, Aleksandr Shliapnikov: “I hate and despise
Kautsky now more than anyone, with his vile, dirty, self-satisfied
hypocrisy.” This pungent summation of Lenin’s attitude toward
Kautsky - an attitude that remained unchanged for the rest of Lenin’s
life - is often cited.